The Chetumaleña Costume & The Mestiza Costume

May 23, 2020

 

The Chetumaleña Costume

The representative costume of the State of Quintana Roo was designed by Gov. Rafael E. Melgar in 1936, inspired by the outfit worn by the Mayan princess in the most significant ceremonies, a fact that highlights it as is a genuine reflection of their ancestors and culture. It consists of two parts; the dress in its lower part is decorated with pink symbolizing the heart of the south and the interior of the earth. The cape is open to the side to the height of the bust. On the lower part we can see a mask, copies of which are located in the archaeological area of kohunlichthe. The back of the garment highlights the descending God of Tulum. At the foot of the effigies it depicts the flora and forest wealth; the hems are green, which is the sacred color of the Maya. The linen costume is ivory and the motifs can be painted or embroidered. In 1978 it won the prize for best national costume in the competition, "Miss Mexico". The figurehead of Kohunlich appeared embroidered with sequins and beadwork. This event confirmed the chetumaleña as the costume of the Quintana Roo woman.

 

The Mestiza Costume

The woman is wearing a white blouse, whose sleeves are decorated with ribbons that are the same color as the skirt. The square neck is embroidered with five snails, and at the waist she is wearing a white lace apron. There is a fairly wide skirt, decorated with motifs that were taken from the Quintana Roo state shield. The sea snail symbolizes the wealth of the sea; the tree represents the forest wealth of the state and the star symbolizes the jurisdiction of the morning or the passage of Venus, who watched over the Mayas. The skirt in turn has a fairly wide showy frill. As a headdress, there is a comb adorned with flowers, and the costume is completed with the characteristic bow of the southeast, slippers, earrings and colorful necklaces.

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